How to visit Nepal? The Essential Things need to know before visiting Nepal?

  • Sundar Lamichhane
  • Last Updated on May 26, 2024

Table of Contents

A trip to Nepal offers a unique blend of culture, natural beauty, and outdoor activities. As of the latest update in September 2021, Nepal has been considered a relatively affordable travel destination compared to many other Asian countries as the accommodation, food and transportation in Nepal is cheaper. To help you plan your trip to Nepal, here are some steps to consider:

1. Check Passport and Visa Requirements

 Ensure that your passport is valid for at least six months beyond your planned departure date. Check with the Nepalese embassy or consulate in your country to determine if you need a visa to enter Nepal and obtain the necessary visa if required. Getting a visa for Nepal is super-easy. If you arrive by flight, you can get your visa on arrival at the airport (applies to most nationalities). A 15-day visa costs $25, a 30-day visa costs $40, and a 90-day visa costs $100. The good thing about all Nepal visas is that they are multiple-entry by default which means you can venture into India or China and come back before your visa expires.

If you’re crossing by bus from India or China, you can also get a visa on arrival. All major border crossings have counters that issue your visa on the spot as you’re crossing the border.

Decide on the Best Time to Visit:

 Nepal has different seasons, each offering a unique experience. The best time to visit Nepal for trekking and outdoor activities is during the autumn and spring months (September to November and March to May). If you prefer fewer tourists and don't mind some cold weather, winter can be a good option as well. However, summer (monsoon) may not be the ideal time for most travelers, as it can bring challenges related to trekking and outdoor exploration.

Plan Your Itinerary:

Nepal offers a wide range of experiences, from exploring the vibrant city of Kathmandu to trekking in the Himalayas. Decide what interests you the most and plan your itinerary accordingly.

Book Accommodations:

Depending on your budget and preferences, you can find various types of accommodations in Nepal, ranging from luxurious hotels to budget guesthouses and lodges. You can book your accommodation by different ways, online booking platforms, travel agencies, directly through Hotels and Guesthouses, Local guides or you can arrive in Nepal without prior bookings and find accommodation on the spot. This works well in tourist areas like Thamel in Kathmandu or Lakeside in Pokhara, where numerous accommodation options are available.

Get Vaccinated and Health Precautions:

Check with your healthcare provider or a travel clinic about necessary vaccinations and health precautions before traveling to Nepal. It's essential to be up-to-date on routine vaccinations and consider vaccinations for diseases like typhoid, hepatitis A, and diphtheria.

6. Travel Insurance: Purchase comprehensive travel insurance that covers medical emergencies, trip cancellations, and other unforeseen incidents during your trip.

 Pack Accordingly:

Pack appropriate clothing for the weather conditions and activities you plan to undertake. Remember that packing light is essential, especially if you plan to trek or move around frequently. You can also buy clothing and equipment locally in major cities like Kathmandu and Pokhara, but it's better to bring essential items from home to ensure quality and fit.

Clothing for Warm Weather (Spring/Summer):

Lightweight, breathable tops and t-shirts

Shorts or skirts (for lower altitudes and cities)

Light and comfortable trousers or pants

Sun hat or cap


Sandals or comfortable walking shoes

Clothing for Cool Weather (Autumn/Winter):

Layered clothing, such as long-sleeved shirts, sweaters, and jackets

Warm trousers or jeans

Fleece or down jacket for colder evenings and higher altitudes

Warm hat, gloves, and scarf

Sturdy and comfortable hiking boots or trekking shoes

Clothing for Trekking (regardless of the season):

Moisture-wicking base layers (tops and bottoms)

Lightweight and quick-drying trekking pants or convertible pants/shorts

Insulating mid-layers (fleece or down jacket)

Waterproof and windproof outer shell (jacket and pants)

Warm hat and gloves

Hiking socks

Comfortable and broken-in hiking boots

Respect Local Culture:

Respecting the local culture of Nepal is essential as it shows appreciation for the country's traditions and values. Nepalese culture is rich and diverse, heavily influenced by Hinduism and Buddhism, and it's important to be mindful of certain customs and practices. Here are some tips to help you respectfully engage with the local culture during your visit to Nepal:

Dress Modestly:

In temples, monasteries, and religious sites, it is customary to dress modestly. Avoid wearing revealing clothing, and cover your shoulders and knees. In more conservative areas, it's best to dress modestly in public spaces as well.

Remove Shoes:

When entering temples, monasteries, or someone's home, always remove your shoes as a sign of respect. It's a common practice in Nepal, and you'll often find a designated area to leave your footwear.

Greet with "Namaste":

The traditional way to greet people in Nepal is with a "Namaste" (placing your palms together in a prayer-like gesture). It's a sign of respect and acknowledgment.

Ask for Permission:

Always seek permission before taking photographs of people, especially in rural areas. Some locals might feel uncomfortable or offended if you don't ask for their consent.

Respect Religious Sites:

When visiting temples or monasteries, be mindful of the rules and practices. Avoid touching statues, religious objects, or sacred texts unless it's explicitly allowed.

Do Not Point Feet:

Pointing your feet at people, religious objects, or images of deities is considered disrespectful in Nepalese culture. Try to keep your feet pointed away from others, especially when sitting or lying down.

Don't Disrupt Religious Practices:

During religious ceremonies or rituals, be respectful and avoid interrupting or causing disturbances.

Support Local Culture and Crafts:

When shopping for souvenirs, consider buying locally-made handicrafts and products. Supporting local artisans helps preserve traditional skills and culture.

Be Open-Minded and Curious:

Embrace the cultural differences you encounter with an open mind. Ask questions and learn about Nepalese customs and traditions from locals, as this can lead to meaningful interactions and experiences.

By respecting the local culture and customs, you'll not only create a positive impact during your visit but also foster a deeper connection with the people and the country's heritage.

Trekking and Adventure:

If you're interested in trekking, Nepal offers some of the world's best trekking routes, such as the Everest Base Camp trek, Annapurna Circuit, and Langtang Valley trek.The country's diverse landscapes, including the majestic Himalayas, lush valleys, and dense forests, provide a perfect playground for outdoor enthusiasts. These rugged landscapes can be explored on a mountain bike.

Safety in the Mountains:

If you're trekking or engaging in outdoor activities, always go with experienced guides, be prepared for altitude sickness, and follow safety guidelines.Remember that mountain environments can be challenging and unpredictable, but with proper preparation, knowledge, and guidance, trekking in Nepal can be an incredibly rewarding and safe experience.To ensure a safe and enjoyable experience, consider the following tips:


Take the time to acclimatize to the altitude. Ascend gradually, and plan rest days to allow your body to adjust to the thinner air. Altitude sickness is a serious concern in the mountains, and acclimatization is crucial in preventing it.

Stay Hydrated and Nourished:

Drink plenty of water to stay hydrated, especially at higher altitudes. Proper nutrition is essential to maintain energy levels during strenuous activities.

Weather Awareness:

The weather in the mountains can be unpredictable, so be prepared for sudden changes in conditions. Carry appropriate clothing and gear, including rain gear and warm layers.

Avoid Solo Trekking:

While it's possible to trek solo in some regions, it's generally safer to trek with a group or at least one trekking partner. Traveling alone in remote areas increases the risks if something goes wrong.

Follow Local Advice:

Pay attention to advice from local guides and authorities. They know the area well and can provide valuable insights into safe routes, weather conditions, and potential hazards.

Be Prepared for Emergencies:

Carry a basic first-aid kit and know how to use it. Familiarize yourself with the signs of altitude sickness and other mountain-related illnesses.

Try Nepalese Cuisine:

Nepali cuisine offers a delicious and diverse array of flavors influenced by its geography, climate, and cultural heritage. Don't miss the opportunity to try authentic Nepalese dishes like momo (dumplings), dal bhat (rice and lentil dish), and various curries.Make sure to try these dishes at local eateries and restaurants to experience the authentic flavors of Nepali cuisine. The variety and taste of the food will undoubtedly add to your overall cultural experience in Nepal.


In Nepal, you can travel between cities by bus, domestic flights, or private vehicles. Be prepared for potentially slow and bumpy rides on mountainous roads. Some common modes of transportation while visiting Nepal are

Domestic Flights:

Nepal has several domestic airlines that operate flights to various destinations within the country. Domestic flights are a quick and convenient way to reach remote areas or major cities like Pokhara and Bharatpur.

Tourist Buses:

Tourist buses run between major cities and popular tourist destinations. These buses are comfortable and offer a cost-effective way to travel longer distances. They are commonly used for routes between Kathmandu, Pokhara, Chitwan, and Lumbini.

Local Buses:

Local buses are the primary mode of transportation for shorter distances and travel within cities and towns. They are inexpensive but can be crowded and less comfortable.

Micro-buses and Tempo:

Micro-buses and tempo (three-wheeled vehicles) are another common mode of transportation within cities and towns. They offer a bit more comfort than regular buses.


Taxis are available in major cities like Kathmandu and Pokhara. They can be metered or negotiable, so it's advisable to agree on a fare before starting the journey.

Motorbikes and Scooters:

Renting a motorbike or scooter is a popular option for travelers who want more flexibility and independence to explore cities and nearby areas.Rickshaws: Cycle-rickshaws are available in some cities for short trips within the city limits. They are commonly used in places like Thamel, a popular tourist area in Kathmandu.

Hiking and Trekking:

In mountainous regions, walking and trekking are the primary means of transportation. Trekking routes are well-marked, and you can hire local guides and porters for longer treks.

It's essential to plan your transportation options in advance, especially if you're visiting remote or less touristy areas. Additionally, consider the local schedules and timings, as transportation frequency might vary in different regions and seasons.

Remember that travel regulations and conditions can change, so it's essential to double-check the latest information before your trip. It's also a good idea to consult with a travel agency or a local expert who can provide personalized advice based on your interests and preferences.


Sundar Lamichhane

Sundar Lamichhane

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